WOOD STOVE ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS
FACT SHEET

FPollution is measured in "grams per hour" which represents the particles in the smoke that are released up the chimney. One gram is approximately the amount of smoke released from the entire burn of a cigarette. Whereas older uncertified wood stoves release from 40 to 80 grams per hour of smoke, the new EPA certified stoves produce only 2 to 5 grams of smoke per hour.

FSome of the major wood smoke pollutants are carbon monoxide, particulate matter, formaldehyde, nitrogen dioxide, polycyclic organic matter and hydrocarbons. Many of these harmful pollutants can be reduced simply by practicing the following basic rules when using a wood stove:

ensuring the stove is the proper size for its location and use;

ensuring the wood stove is properly installed and professionally inspected;

avoid smouldering fires by using proper burning techniques;

using only seasoned firewood, and making homes more energy-efficient.

FHarmful emissions can also be avoided by not burning any of the following materials: wet wood, green wood, pressure-treated wood, painted wood, particle board, plywood, salt water driftwood, household rubbish, plastic, coloured or glossy paper, cardboard and coal.

FIf you see smoke coming from your chimney, it means air pollution. The darker the smoke, the more pollutants it contains. A proper wood stove fire should only give off a small amount of white steam. Wood smoke is fuel from an incomplete burn that becomes air pollution. As wood burns and decomposes it vaporizes into smoke - a cloud of combustible gases and tar droplets. Smoke is energy going to waste and pollution being emitted into the air.

FWood smoke not only pollutes the outdoor air quality, it also pollutes the indoor air quality of our homes and our neighbors’ homes. The pollution particles are small enough that they easily enter homes without notice, even if windows are closed.

F EPA certified wood stoves burn cleaner with less pollution. Particulate matter (smoke or soot) is reduced by up to 90% and carbon monoxide by up to 60%.

FPellet stoves are one of the best ways to heat your home and reduce wood smoke emissions. They burn with particulates as low as .02 grams per hour.

FThe pellets for the pellet stove are compressed from dried wood by-products such as sawdust. You simply add them to the stove hopper and set the burn rate to a chosen comfort level. The electronically powered pellet stove auger will continually feed the fire for you.